This Podcast episode is on the definition, pathophysiology, mechanism and sign and symptom-based on various organs affected by decreased perfusion from left ventricular failure.
Distinguishing these cells is significant in the pathophysioloy of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. The type I cell is a complex branched cell with multiple cytoplasmic plates that are greatly attenuated and relatively devoid of organelles; these plates represent the gas exchange surface in the alveolus. Type I cells line more than 95% of the alveolar [...]
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome [ARDS] is an acute condition characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and severe hypoxemia in the absence of evidence for cardiogenic pulmonary edema. In this condition, the small blood vessels leak leading to fluid bluid up in the alveoli. This is described as diffuse alveolar damage (DAD) and lung capillary endothelial injury. [...]
An arterial line (A-line) is used if frequent blood pressure and arterialblood gas determinations are needed. It is especially useful■ After surgery.■ For patients with unstable vital signs.■ For patients experiencing hypoxemia.
Gitelman syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis and low blood pressure.
Valve replacement surgery
Aortic stenosis is the obstruction of blood flow across the aortic valve
Heart mumurs are caused by blood passing through an abnormal narrowing in blood passageways or flowing through abnormal openings such as in mitral regurgitation.