Indications for ABGs: Arterial Blood Gases

Arterial blood gas analyses -assesses a patient’s partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), providing information on the oxygenation status -the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2), providing information on the ventilation status (chronic or acute respiratory failure, and is changed by hyperventilation (rapid or deep breathing) and hypoventilation (slow or shallow breathing); -acid-base status. - oxygenation [...]

ABG Components

ABG Components:  pH = measured acid-base balance of the bloodPaO2 = measured the partial pressure of oxygen in arterial bloodPaCO2 = measured the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial bloodHCO3 = calculated concentration of bicarbonate in arterial bloodBase excess/deficit = calculated relative excess or deficit of base in arterial bloodSaO2 = calculated arterial oxygen saturation unless a co-oximetry is obtained, in which [...]

Indications for Arterial Blood Gases

ABGs are drawn often when metabolic/respiratory acidity and alkalinity is suspected or is being treated. Often seen in chronically or acutley sick patients, these conditions include but are not limited to: Kidney FailureShockDiabetic KetoAcidosisTrauma & HaemorrhageUncontrolled diabetesAsthma Heart FailureChronic Obstructive Pulmonary DiseaseDrug OverdoseMetabolic DiseaseChemical Poisoning