Medical Mondays: Left-Sided heart failure.

Left-sided heart failure is one of the major conditions in critical care Nursing and midwifery. In this Medical Mondays Episode. we discuss the definition, pathophysiology, mechanism and sign and symptom-based on various organs affected by decreased perfusion from left ventricular failure.

References:

Breidthardt, T. M. D. et al. 2012. Pathophysiology of Lower Extremity Edema in Acute Heart Failure Revisited. The American journal of medicine 125(11), pp. 1124.e1121-1124.e1128. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2011.12.015

Vincent, J.-L. 2008. Understanding cardiac output. Critical care (London, England) 12(4), pp. 174-174. doi: 10.1186/cc6975

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279409/

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