ARDs Risk Factors

ARDS is Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Direct lung-injury risk factors
Pneumonia (bacterial, viral, fungal, or opportunistic)*
Aspiration of gastric contents*
Pulmonary contusion
Inhalation injury
Near drowning


Indirect lung-injury risk factors
Sepsis (nonpulmonary source)*
Nonthoracic trauma or hemorrhagic shock
Pancreatitis
Major burn injury
Drug overdose
Transfusion of blood products
Cardiopulmonary bypass
Reperfusion edema after lung transplantation or embolectomy

*Pneumonia, aspiration of gastric contents, and sepsis
together account for more than 85% of cases of ARDS
in recent clinical trials.

Thompson et. al 2018

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